Monday, December 5, 2011

The Problem of Enoch: Articles and Sources

Main Enoch post
Hey guys! I have listed some of the main resources I have found helpful for the study of 1 Enoch. I am sure I will be adding more to it. I have sections for:              

  • 1 Enoch translations
  • Analysis
  • Jude and Pseudepigrapha
  • Early Church Sources                      ** = freely available online

Translation of 1 Enoch:

The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, Volume 1 - a collection of the OT psuedepigrapha including 1,2, and 3 Enoch, Charlesworth is the standard these days and incorporated much of the new manuscripts.

**Text of 1 Enoch with commentary - This is a standard translation of 1 Enoch by RH Charles, a respected scholar in the field. He has a great introduction and shows how the Jews, the Early church, and even how the New Testament parallels 1 Enoch. He then has a great commentary on every verse of Enoch. It is old though, and we have found more manuscripts of 1 Enoch since Charles, but it is freely available online. 


1 Enoch 1: a Commentary on the Book of 1 Enoch - This should be the first resource you consult if you want to dive into the study of Enoch. George Nickelsburg put this massive commentary on 1 Enoch out along with his own translation and a great introduction. He goes through many of the early Church in the introduction and I relied on him heavily for my research paper. Gonzaga carries this.

1 Enoch, Enochic Motifs, and Enoch in Early Christian Literature - This is a chapter found in Enoch and the Growth of an Apocalyptic Tradition by Enoch expert James VanderKam. VanderKam goes through the testimony of the early church and I borrowed from him extensively. I believe Whitworth carries it.

**Great article that goes through the early church's citations of Enoch - The articles is entitled Early Citations from the Book of Enoch by HJ Lawlor and it starts on page 164. It is from the turn of the century, but most of the modern scholarship on Enoch still use Lawlors article.

Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature - another book that traces the Book of Enoch through Judaism and early Christianity. I haven't read it all myself, but Reed seems to have done a good job and has more of a thesis than the others. Neither Gonazaga or Whitworth has this, but it can be obtained through inter-library loan.

**Creationism and the Early Church by Robert Bradshaw - for a quick overview of some of the evidence, here's an article I also utilized that gives a lot of information in not so many words. It also gives good charts so it's easier to see the evidence.

The Fall of the Angels as the Source of Philosophy in Hermias and Clement of Alexandria - This is by Richard Bauckham and can be found on JSTOR through Moody. It looks more specifically at the fall of the angels in Clement and company.

The 'Angels' And 'Giants' Of Genesis 6:1-4 In Second And Third Century BCE Jewish Interpretation - This article can also be found through Moody's journals. It is an article by Loren Stuckenbruck that looks at Judaism and the fall of the angels specifically.

Jude and his use of Psuedepigrapha:

**Greene's commentary - This link will take you to the Westminster Bookstore where you can download a sample of the commentary which happens to have the information of Jude's use of Psuedepigrapha on page 26 of the pdf.

Early Church Sources:

**Early Church's Original Sources - This is Schaff's Church Fathers collection. I quote from the first four volumes. The way I cite them is the first number is the volume number and then the second number is the page number for the PDF version from CCEL. So if you see (Schaff 2.345) that would mean Schaff;s volume 2, page 345


  1. Question, is there a connection to the sons of God mentioned in Job to the book of Genesis? Does anyone think the sons of God in Job are just men? If they are just men, when was man presenting himself before the Lord with Satan standing next to them?

    1. Hey Jacob,

      I believe the sons of God in Genesis are angels. I would look to the sons of God in Job, which seems to be referring to angels a little more clearly, as evidence for that interpretation in Genesis.